This bibliography is organized by topic and mostly features links to websites, but also to journal articles, newspaper articles, conference papers, and reports. It will be continuously updated as new websites are appearing, research projects are launched, and relevant material is being published.


EU - general information sources

Biz/ed – this website provides a brief overview of the EU (e.g. institutions, finances):

Europa – Europe in 12 lessons – the more detailed official EU website guiding you through a comprehensive 12-step process:


Introduction to the Water Framework Directive (WFD)

Barreira, A. 2006. Water Governance at the European Union. Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education 135: 80-85.

Boscheck, R. 2006. The EU Water Framework Directive: Meeting the Global Call for Regulatory Guidance? Intereconomics: 268-271.

Bouleau, G. 2008. The WFD dreams: between ecology and economics. Water and Environment Journal: 1-6.

Ecologic – Institute for International and European Environmental Policy. This site offers a variety of links to publications concerning current issues of water policies in the EU:

Kaika, M. 2003. The Water Framework Directive: A New Directive for a Changing Social, Political and Economic European Framework. European Planning Studies, 11(3): 299-316.

Kaika, M. and Page, B. 2003. The EU Water Framework Directive: Part 1. European Policy-Making and the Changing Topography of Lobbying. European Environment 13: 314-327.

Lenz, K. and Scheuer, S. (2001). EEB Handbook on EU Water Policy under the Water Framework Directive. European Environmental Bureau (EEB), Brussels.

Summaries of legislation in the EU regarding the WFD and former water-related directives:

WISE (Water Information System for Europe) homepage:

Wright, S. (2007). Decision-Making in the European Water Framework Directive: the Potential Consequences of a Neoclassical Approach. Conference of the Australia and New Zealand Society for Ecological Economics (ANZSEE) "Re-inventing Sustainability: A Climate for Change", 24 pages:



Common Implementation Strategy (CIS)

CIS Pilot River Basins (PRB’s) analyzing the linkages between agriculture and water resources:

European Union (2003). Reporting for Water - Concept Document: Towards a Shared Water Information System for Europe. Rome/Brussels.

European Union (2006). Improving the comparability and quality of the Water Framework Directive implementation. Progress and work programme for 2007-2009.

Report of the Pilot River Basin Group on Agriculture – Phase II period September 2005-December 2006. “Experiences in Analysis of Pressures and Impacts from Agriculture on Water Resources and Developing a related Programme of Measures”. M. Cherlet (ed.), EC DG-Joint Research Comission, 2007:

WISE-Link for CIS:


Implementation performance

Borzel, T.A. (2000). Why there is no 'southern problem'. On environmental leaders and laggards in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy 7(1): 141-162.

Brack, W. (2007): Further development of Water Framework Directive necessary – European Experts discuss risks for rivers. Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres.

European Environmental Agency (EEA) – water themes and data:

Goerlach, B. Policy maker demand for valuation in the decisions on exemptions. Ecologic (Institute for International and European Policy). 7th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics. Leipzig, June 2007. Conference paper abstract.

Scheuer, S. et al. (2006). Water Framework Directive (WFD) Implementation - Risk of failing to set EU wide standards for ecological classification – Briefing.

Status of deliveries for individual member states:

Thomson, R.T., Torenvlied, R. et al. (2007). The Paradox of Compliance: Infringements and Delays in Transposing European Union Directives. British Journal of Political Science 37: 685-709.

WFD-CIRCA – an internet-based information platform set up by the EU Commission to facilitate information exchange and work in the numerous expert groups. It consists of various sub-libraries, which hold Guidance Documents, Reports, Working Programs, legislative texts and Implementation Reports for different directives connected to the WFD:

WISE-Newsletter, Issue No. 7 (from 06/2008):

WISE Map Viewer (prepared for World Water Day 2008):

WISE-RTD webportal; forwards to websites with focus on information relevant for the implementation of the WFD, containing a wide range of information such as (CIS) guidance documents, synthesis reports, reviews, experiences of projects on WFD implementation (e.g. PRB's):


Research projects & methodologies

Advisor – integrated evaluation for sustainable river basin governance. This project has delivered set of guidelines to river basin authorities and related EU agencies for the execution of integrated evaluation of projects, building on an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of past river basin project evaluation processes in the EU:

Advisor (2004). Integrated Deliberative Decision Processes for Water Resources Planning and Evaluation - Guidance Document.

AquaMoney - assessment of the environmental and resource costs and benefits in the WFD:

HarmoniCOP – harmonising collaborative River Basin Management Planning (RBMP) in the EU:

Hedelin, B. (2008). Criteria for the Assessment of Processes for Sustainable River Basin Management and their Congruence with the EU Water Framework Directive. European Environment 18: 228-242.

Ison, R., Roeling, N. and Watson, D. (2007). Challenges to science and society in the sustainable management and use of water: investigating the role of social learning. Environmental Science & Policy 10: 499-511.

IWRM-NET – an information platform that aims at implementing new research activities on the national and regional level related to Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) of the WFD:

NeWater – new approaches to adaptive water management under uncertainty:

Newig, J, Pahl-Wostl, C., and Sigel, K. (2005). The Role of Public Participation in Managing Uncertainty in the Implementation of the Water Framework Directive. European Environment 15: 333-343.

Pahl-Wostl, C. et al. New methods for adaptive water management under uncertainty – The NeWater project.

Pahl-Wostl, C. et al. (2007). Managing change toward adaptive water management through social learning. Ecology and Society 12(2): 30.

WaterCost – website representing cost-analysis methodologies specifically for groundwater resources:



EU Floods Directive

WISE-link introducing the new floods directive adopted in 2007:

WISE-link describing the implementation of the floods directive:

EUR-LEX-link to the official text of the “Directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of flood risks”: